Breast cancer treatment in Kenya as you suspected is the uncontrolled cell growth starting in the breast and affects women more compared to men. Some of the risk factors associated with cancer of the breast include family history of breast cancer, female gender, obesity, hormone exposure in contraceptives, and alcohol abuse. Diagnosis include imaging of the breast and examination of the breast for cancer cells in the medical laboratory.
Following the identification of cancer cells in the breast, early and immediate treatment is advised and increases chances of recovery depending on the size, type and stage of the breast cancer. Treatment protocol include chemotherapy, radiotherapy, surgery; mastectomy which may be followed by radiotherapy, hormone therapy, and immunotherapy.
In Kenya, common and available treatment options are radiotherapy, chemotherapy, surgery, and hormone therapy which is largely limited to few breast cancer treatment facilities.
There are several ways of treating breast cancer which depends on the kind of breast cancer and its extent of infection (how far it has speed). People suffering from breast cancer often get more than one type of cancer treatment. The types of treatment include;
Basically, to say, these are the breast cancer treatment options;
Thinking the cost of cancer treatment is one of the distressing things in Kenya. The costs can literally give you sleepiness nights or even run mad. They are usually out of reach for most households. Meanwhile, lets dive into the cost of breast cancer treatment at least to alleviate you of some stress of going over hundreds of articles to get this information.
Basic breast cancer treatment in Kenya costs between Sh175,200 and Sh1.98 million.
The cost shoots up to between Sh758,000 and Sh2.48 million when surgery — which would be either a lumpectomy, quadrantectomy, partial mastectomy, or segmental mastectomy — is involved.
The following facilities offer treatment of cancer of the breast.
Provides cancer screening, chemotherapy and surgery.
Breast cancer services provided include screening, diagnosis, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy treatment, and palliative care.
Provides cancer screening, diagnosis, treatment, palliative care, and education in collaboration with AMPATH Oncology Centre.
Offers screening, specialized diagnosis, treatment, palliative care, and rehabilitation services.
Offers diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer on out-patient basis.
Provides screening, diagnosis, chemotherapy and surgical treatment, and palliative care.
Offers diagnosis, treatment, and palliative care.
M.P Shah Hospital in its Cancer Care Center offers specialized diagnosis, chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatment.
Offers breast cancer diagnosis, chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatment, palliative care and rehabilitation services.
Offers the following cancer services;
cancer screening, chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatment and raise awareness on cancer including cancer of the breast.
Offers specialized palliative care services on an out-patient basis and home basis to cancer patients.
More about Breast Cancer (Breast carcinoma)
The female breast and to an extent the male breast is made up of three main parts: connective tissue, lobules, and ducts. The connective tissue as the name suggests is connects everything together including ducts and lobules, lobules are glandular and thus produce milk while the ducts carry milk to the nipple. Since there is a connective tissue in the breast, the uncontrolled growth of cells in the breast is called carcinoma of the breast. In some instances, breast carcinoma may spread to other organs and when that happens, carcinoma of the breast is said to have metastasized.
Early detection of carcinoma of the breast is necessary for positive outcomes following subsequent treatment of the carcinoma. Early detection begins with a not-so medical test in which in which the individual self-examines himself or herself for any unusual swelling, appearance or pain. At the medical level, detection involves the following techniques:
Following the positive detection of breast carcinoma using the above techniques, diagnosis in a medical laboratory follows to help identify the carcinoma and consequently characterize it. Staging is indicated based on the characteristics of the breast carcinoma, size of the carcinoma, and involvement of hormone receptors. Staging helps in decision-making on treatment options, likely outcomes of the carcinoma, and in rare cases recruitment for clinical trials.
Staging ranges from numbers 0, I, II, III, IV which indicate the location of the carcinoma to mean if the cancer is within the tissue or has spread to other tissues. Based on breast parts, carcinoma of the breast can be ductal or lobular. Combination of the location of cancer; in the ducts or lobular with staging gives the final diagnosis on which treatment decision is based on and possible outcome with measures to control the progress of the carcinoma.
Early detection and diagnosis of carcinoma of the breast have a positive effect which may mean a complete cure of the carcinoma. Treatment options include chemotherapy, radiotherapy, surgical removal of the carcinoma, hormonal treatment, immunotherapy which is the leveraging of the body’s protective mechanisms in treatment of cancer.
Surgical treatment of the carcinoma of the breast involves removal of the cancerous tissue often called in the breast often called mastectomy which depending on size and spread of the carcinoma may involve complete excision of the breast. Mastectomy is often followed by radiotherapy.
Radiation is often used following mastectomy in measure to clear any cancerous cells that maybe they're in the breast following surgery. Radiotherapy is targeted and localized to the breast in an effort to minimize radiation to other non-involved parts of the body. It is high-beam energy targeted at cancerous cells but will also cause damage to normal cells.
Side effects that may be accompanied radiotherapy include:
- decreased white blood cell numbers
- armpit discomfort
- chest pain
Management of side effects will mainly target the skin and include:
Other side effects tend to resolve post-radiotherapy.
Questions Frequently Asked about Breast Cancer in Kenya Include
The following are treatment options for stage 0 breast cancer (non-invasive, or in situ). Your healthcare team will suggest treatments based on your needs and work with you to develop a treatment plan.
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is the most common type of non-invasive breast cancer. Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) increases a woman’s risk for developing breast cancer, but it is not considered cancer. They include:
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